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Nuclear Physics, Page 2

Interstitial Prostate Brachytherapy: LDR-PDR-HDR by György Kovács,Peter Hoskin

By György Kovács,Peter Hoskin

Prostate brachytherapy has been the topic of heated debate between surgeons and the proponents of a few of the brachytherapy tools. This first actual interdisciplinary ebook at the topic presents a complete evaluate of suggestions in low dose expense (LDR), excessive dose price (HDR), and pulsed dose cost (PDR) interstitial brachytherapy for the administration of neighborhood or in the neighborhood complicated prostate melanoma. as well as designated chapters on sufferer choice and using imaging in diagnostics, remedy tips, and implantation keep watch over, historical past chapters are integrated on comparable scientific physics matters akin to therapy making plans and caliber insurance. the implications received with different treatments and the tough job of salvage remedy are totally mentioned. All chapters were written by means of the world over famous specialists who for greater than a decade have shaped the instructing employees answerable for the profitable GEC-ESTRO/EAU Prostate Brachytherapy instructing Course.

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Detektoren für Teilchenstrahlung (Teubner Studienbücher by Konrad Kleinknecht

By Konrad Kleinknecht

Der Leser erhält einen umfassenden Überblick über Aufbau und Funktionsweise von Teilchendetektoren. In der four. Auflage werden neuere Entwicklungen wie Silizium-Streifendetektoren, Pixeldetektoren, szintillierende Fasern, neue elektromagnetische Kalorimeter und kompensierende Hadronkalorimeter behandelt. Vertiefend wird nun auch auf aktuelle Forschungsgebiete wie Astroteilchenphysik, kosmische Strahlung, Neutrinophysik und die dunkle Materie im Kosmos eingegangen.

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The Theory of Almost Everything: The Standard Model, the by Robert Oerter

By Robert Oerter

There are medical theories that, taken jointly, clarify the whole universe. the 1st, which describes the strength of gravity, is well known: Einstein’s basic idea of Relativity. however the conception that explains every thing else—the average version of ordinary Particles—is nearly unknown one of the normal public.

In The thought of just about Everything, Robert Oerter indicates how what have been as soon as considered separate forces of nature have been mixed right into a unmarried thought via the most really good minds of the 20th century. wealthy with available analogies and lucid prose, The idea of virtually Everything celebrates a heretofore unsung success in human knowledge—and unearths the chic constitution that underlies the area as we all know it.

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Die Entdeckung des Unteilbaren: Quanten, Quarks und die by Jörg Resag

By Jörg Resag

Mitten in Europa ist eine der größten und komplexesten Maschinen in Betrieb gegangen, die wir Menschen je gebaut haben: der huge Hadron Collider (kurz LHC). Mit ihm öffnet sich ein Fenster in eine neue Welt, die viele Geheimnisse birgt: used to be verleiht den Teilchen der Materie ihre Masse? Gibt es verborgene Raumdimensionen? Existiert ein tiefer Zusammenhang zwischen Teilchen mit verschiedenem Spin (Supersymmetrie)? Woraus besteht die dunkle Materie, die unser Universum durchdringt? Gibt es das Higgs-Teilchen? Mit diesem Buch taucht der Leser ein in diese wunderbare Welt, die wir Menschen in der Neuzeit entdeckt haben: Atome und ihre Substruktur aus Quarks und Leptonen, die rätselhafte Quantenmechanik, Teilchen des Lichts, Einsteins Gewebe aus Raum und Zeit, die vier Wechselwirkungen und schließlich die neue Welt, in die der LHC gerade vordringt und in der wir Higgs-Teilchen, Supersymmetrie und womöglich erste Anzeichen für die String-Theorie vermuten. Die erste Vermutung konnte mittlerweile bestätigt werden: Im Sommer 2012 wurde am LHC die Entdeckung des Higgs-Teilchens bekannt gegeben.Nach der Lektüre ist klar: Wir leben in einer erstaunlichen Welt und sind gerade im Begriff, bei der Enträtselung ihrer Geheimnisse einen entscheidenden Schritt nach vorne zu gehen. Für die 2. Auflage hat der Autor das Buch aktualisiert und um neueste Erkenntnisse ergänzt.Über den Autor:Jörg Resag hat in Bonn Physik und Astronomie studiert und in theoretischer Physik über die Quarkstruktur von Elementarteilchen promoviert.
Er arbeitet derzeit in der chemisch-pharmazeutischen Industrie.
Im Spektrum-Verlag ist 2012 sein zweites Buch 'Zeitpfad -- Die Geschichte unseres Universums und unseres Planeten' erschienen.

Leserstimmen zur ersten Auflage:Dem theoretischen Physiker Jörg Resag ist ein sehr interessantes, unterhaltsames und didaktisch exzellentes Buch gelungen, das sowohl interessierten Laien wie Experten die Geheimnisse der Quantenphysik, das Standardmodell, die Relativitätstheorie und Kosmologie und schließlich die Superstrings vorstellt. (...) Sehr komplexe Zusammenhänge werden sehr klar und verständlich erläutert. Treffpunkt Buch plus Kein einfaches, aber dafür höchst empfehlenswertes Werk. ekz-Informationsdienst

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Modern Particle Physics by Mark Thomson

By Mark Thomson

special in its insurance of all facets of contemporary particle physics, this textbook presents a transparent connection among the idea and up to date experimental effects, together with the invention of the Higgs boson at CERN. It offers a complete and self-contained description of the traditional version of particle physics compatible for upper-level undergraduate scholars and graduate scholars learning experimental particle physics. actual idea is brought in an easy demeanour with complete mathematical derivations all through. Fully-worked examples permit scholars to hyperlink the mathematical idea to effects from smooth particle physics experiments. End-of-chapter routines, graded via hassle, offer scholars with a deeper knowing of the topic. on-line assets on hand at function password-protected fully-worked suggestions to difficulties for teachers, numerical strategies and tricks to the issues for college students and PowerPoint slides and JPEGs of figures from the book.

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L'énergie nucléaire: « Que sais-je ? » n° 317 (French by Paul Reuss

By Paul Reuss

En termes simples et accessibles, ce livre présente les principes physiques, l’histoire, les développements industriels de l’énergie nucléaire. Plus de vingt-cinq ans après le drame de Tchernobyl et quelques mois après celui de Fukushima, il en discute les atouts et les risques pour pouvoir évaluer correctement les avantages comme les inconvénients.

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Standard Model Measurements with the ATLAS Detector: Monte by Jana Nováková

By Jana Nováková

This thesis bargains with major methods played with the ATLAS detector on the huge Hadron Collider (LHC). The noise description within the hadronic calorimeter TileCal represents a really priceless technical task. the second one half provides a fruitful physics research - the move part dimension of the method p+p → Z0 → τ + τ.

The Monte Carlo simulations of the TileCal are defined within the first a part of the thesis, together with an in depth therapy of the digital noise and a number of interactions (so-called pile-up). a correct description of either is essential for the reconstruction of e.g. jets or hadronic tau-jets.

The moment half studies a regular version size  of the Z0 → τ + τ method with the emphasis at the ultimate nation with an electron and a hadronically decaying tau-lepton. The Z0 → τ + τ channel types the dominant heritage within the look for Higgs bosons decaying into tau lepton pairs, and therefore the great knowing completed the following can facilitate extra delicate Higgs detection.

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Measurement of Quarkonium Polarization to Probe QCD at the by Valentin Knünz

By Valentin Knünz

This thesis discusses intimately the dimension of the polarizations of all S-wave vector quarkonium states in LHC proton-proton collisions with the CMS detector. Heavy quarkonium states represent an incredible laboratory to check non-perturbative results of quantum chromodynamics and to appreciate how quarks bind into hadrons.
The experimental effects are interpreted via an unique phenomenological technique, which ends up in a coherent photograph of quarkonium construction move sections and polarizations inside of an easy version, ruled by means of one unmarried color-octet creation mechanism. those findings supply new insights into the dynamics of heavy quarkonium construction on the LHC, a massive step in the direction of a passable figuring out of hadron formation in the general version of particle physics.

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Constructing Reality by Marburger

By Marburger

Questions of the basic nature of subject proceed to motivate and have interaction our mind's eye. notwithstanding, the fascinating new thoughts of strings, supersymmetry and unique subject construct on principles which are renowned to physicists yet mysterious and complicated to humans outdoors of those learn fields. overlaying key conceptual advancements from the final century, this booklet offers a history to the daring principles and demanding situations confronted by way of physicists this present day. Quantum thought and the traditional version of debris are defined with minimum arithmetic, and complicated subject matters, similar to gauge concept and quantum box thought, are positioned into context. With concise, lucid reasons, this ebook is a necessary advisor to the realm of particle physics.

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